## Biology Action Verbs

These action verbs indicated the depth of treatment required for a given assessment statement. These verbs will be used in examination questions and so it is important that you familiarize yourself with the following definitions.

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**Analyze:**Interpret data to reach conclusions.**Annotate:**Add brief notes to a diagram or graph.**Apply:**Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in a new situation.**Calculate:**Find a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working (unless instructed not to do so).**Comment:**Give a judgment based on a given statement or result of a calculation.**Compare:**Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items, referring to both (all) of them throughout.**Construct:**Represent or develop in graphical form.**Deduce:**Reach a conclusion from the information given.**Define:**Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase or physical quantity.**Derive:**Manipulate a mathematical relationship(s) to give a new equation or relationship.**Describe:**Give a detailed account.**Design:**Produce a plan, simulation or model.**Determine:**Find the only possible answer.**Discuss:**Give an account including, where possible, a range of arguments for and against the relative importance of various factors, or comparisons of alternative hypotheses.**Distinguish:**Give the differences between two or more different items.**Draw:**Represent by means of pencil lines.**Estimate:**Find an approximate value for an unknown quantity.**Evaluate:**Assess the implications and limitations.**Explain:**Give a detailed account of causes, reasons or mechanisms.I

**dentify:**Find an answer from a given number of possibilities.**Label:**Add labels to a diagram.**List:**Give a sequence of names or other brief answers with no explanation.**Measure:**Find a value for a quantity.**Outline:**Give a brief account or summary.**Predict:**Give an expected result.**Show:**Give the steps in a calculation or derivation.**Sketch:**Represent by means of a graph showing a line and labelled but unscaled axes but with important features (for example, intercept) clearly indicated.**Solve:**Obtain an answer using algebraic and/or numerical methods.**State:**Give a specific name, value or other brief answer without explanation or calculation.**Suggest:**Propose a hypothesis or other possible answer